Food Research

broccoli

Kids reject vegetables without salt

A research paper from the University of Pennsylvania examined the response of tasters to varying amounts of salt in a range of foods that were naturally bitter, including vegetables and other foods deemed to be healthy. Reducing the salt intake made these foods less appealing, and as a result adversely affected the tasters’ nutrient intake…. Read more »

IOM: No Evidence for Salt Reduction

Title: Sodium Intake in Populations: Assessment of Evidence. Author: National Research Council. Institute Of Medicine Source: Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2013. http://www.iom.edu/Reports/2013/Sodium-Intake-in-Populations-Assessment-of-Evidence.aspx Brief: There is no scientific evidence supporting the population wide sodium reduction targets recommended by the U.S. government. Report recognizes the limitations of the available evidence, and explains that there is… Read more »

Elderly

Elderly Need Salt for Hydration

Title: Salt appetite in the elderly. Author: Hendi K, M Leshem. Source: British Journal of Nutrition, page 1 of 7 doi:10.1017/S0007114514002803 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25287294 Brief: Salt appetite is retained in elderly but thirst appetite is not – therefore maintenance of salt intake is important in maintaining hydration in elderly. Good paper, but finances available limited cohort size… Read more »

sugar

Sugar, Not Salt, to Blame for Hypertension

Title: The wrong white crystals: not salt but sugar as aetiological in hypertension and cardiometabolic disease. Author: DiNicolantonio JJ, Lucan SC. Source: Open Heart 2014;1:e000167. doi:10.1136/openhrt-2014-000167 http://openheart.bmj.com/content/1/1/e000167.full Brief: Authors argue that hypertension is more likely the product of sugar consumption, particularly fructose, rather than salt consumption.

food

Sodium Intake Not Related to Blood Pressure

Title: Association of Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion with Blood Pressure. Author: Mente A, O’Donnell MJ, Rangarajan S, et al. Source: N Engl J Med 2014; 371:601-611August 14, 2014DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1311989 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1311989 Brief: This study included more than 100,000 adults sampled from the general population of 17 countries that varied in their economic development and acculturation… Read more »

uncertainty

Scientific uncertainty on salt concealed

Title: Salt And Public Health: Contested Science And The Challenge Of Evidence-Based Decision Making Author: Ronald Bayer, David Merritt Johns and Sandro Galea Source: Health Affairs. (2012); 31(12):2738-2746 http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/31/12/2738.abstract Brief: This excellent study concludes that the long-term concealment of scientific uncertainty in the salt-health debate has been a mistake that has served neither the ends… Read more »

scientists

Scientific response to salt reduction efforts

Title: Letter by DiNicolantonio et al Regarding Article, “Reducing Sodium Intake to Prevent Stroke: Time for Action, Not Hesitation” Author: DiNicolantonio, Lucan and O’Keefe Source: Stroke. published online May 6, 2014 http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/45/6/e106.short Brief: Demolition of arguments supporting salt reduction

salt-pouring

Both low and high salt diets bad

Title: Compared With Usual Sodium Intake, Low- and Excessive-Sodium Diets Are Associated With Increased Mortality: A Meta-Analysis Author: Graudal N, Jürgens,G, Baslund B, and Alderman MH. Source: Am J Hypertens. 2014 Sep;27(9):1129-37. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpu028. Epub 2014 Mar 20. http://ajh.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/03/26/ajh.hpu028.1.full.pdf+html Brief: Both low sodium intakes and high sodium intakes are associated with increased mortality, consistent with… Read more »

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